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Welthungerhilfe WASH activities in Katakwi and Amuria (Teso region)

PREAMBLE WHH operates within the Two districts of Katakwi and Amuria, implementing a Water, sanitation and Hygiene WASH project with funding from charity: water. The project supported in the rehabilitation of water sources and drilling of new boreholes in the two districts, construction of rain water harvesting tanks. Construction of latrines blocks to primary schools, and  To support the sustainability of the project, WHH strengthens the water users committees, by training and supporting the Hand pump mechanics Associations,   ensuring the fulfillment of the six critical requirements and integration of sanitation and hygiene components in the community WASH using various approaches like; CLTS, CHC, CHAST, VSLA and promotion and use of dry compost toilets for the areas with difficulty in the construction of latrines. Response to COVID-19 The outbreak of the pandemic has had a great effect to the implementation of the project, however, WHH through the donor had to adjust the response to support the prevention of COVID-19 in the areas of operation with hygiene kits and promotional activities; conducted through the month of April to June. Result 1: COVID-19 awareness and knowledge about the disease and its transmission has improved in the communities Activities: Develop and print IEC Material including MOH guidelines, posters, flyers, leaflets which uses mainly visual language and which is translated into the local languages as far as possibleBuild capacity of WHH staff in the use of the IEC Material and increase their general knowledge on response to COVID-19 in cooperation with district health officesOrganise peer to peer education through VHTs and hygiene promotion on household level using IEC MaterialsTraining and facilitation of the peer educatorsOrganise and facilitate mass communication through radio talk shows, radio messaging, loudspeaker and megaphone mobile campaigns on hygiene promotion and social distancing. Result 2: Promotion of Hygiene measures, especially hand washing practices on household level, in health centres, schools and other public places have improved through the distribution of hygiene kits, installation of hand washing facilities in households, health centres, schools and other public places Activities: Procure and distribute Hygiene Kits to 600 vulnerable Households to support hand washing (including distribution of 20litre jerry cans for water, soap, nylon ropes, 5-litre jerricans for tippy taps)Promote hand hygiene measures including hand washing in 300 water points by procuring and distributing of Hygiene Kits (including 5ltr jerry cans, nylon ropes, 2 bars of soap/waterpoint /month)Promote hygiene and safety in 50 health centers by procuring and distributing PPE for the health workers (medical teams and support workers) and hygiene Kits (including 50-120 litre hand washing facilities, soap, surface disinfectants, PPE materials for staff etc)Organise procurement and distribution of Hygiene Kits for 40 schools (including 50-120-liter hand washing facilities, soap, spraying equipment, hand sanitizers for the children etc)Procure and distribute PPE for staff and hygiene promoters in the community. Result 3: Continous coordination with stakeholders ensures that the response is always adapted to the given circumstances Activities: Participate in the weekly District task force team meetingsJoin/establish networks with relevant stakeholders such as government authorities, other INGOs, and the local population. Katakwi district task force receiving a donation of items from Welthungerhilfe Result 4: Increase water access through minor repairs and major repairs of 67 boreholes Activities: Assess and conduct minor repairs of atleast 32 water points, including replacement and /or servicing of the super structural parts of the pumpAssess and conduct major repairs of 35 water pointsProcure and supply Hand pump tool kits and spare parts for o...
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Human Interest Story By Amref Health Africa.

A case of Tukwatirewamu household cluster in Nabigasa sub county, Kyotera District. Uganda confirmed her first case of COVID-19 on March 21, 2020, the virus eventually spread with cases being reported across districts in the country. By August 2020, Kyotera district had reached 132 confirmed cases of covid-19 with no death and among these included 1 case from Bethlehem parish and several other contacts. This informed the selection of Kibonzi B village in Bethlehem parish, Nabigasa Sub County, Kyotera district as one of the beneficiary communities for the HBCC project. Data collected by Amref in September 2020 showed that Kibonzi village had an estimate population of 828 people (male 345, female 483) and 138 households of which only 48% and 10% had latrines and handwashing facilities respectively. This situation required undertaking deliberate actions in changing hygiene behaviors among communities. Through the Hygiene behavior change coalition project funded by DFID, Amref Health Africa in Uganda is implementing activities aimed at reaching people vulnerable to COVID-19 with critical information on personal hygiene in order to improve, reinforce and sustain related hygiene practice, as well as support communities to access improved hygiene services. In order to reach the most vulnerable to Covid-19 infection, Amref Health Africa adopted the Umoja-plus approach to implement rapid behavior change actions for prevention and control of the Covid-19 outbreak targeting households, collective vulnerable sites and public spaces. “UMOJA” (meaning oneness) is a model that uses a “prefect cluster” approach where members of household clusters (e.g., 10-20 households) learn and consistently practice correctly the recommended hygiene behavior. Members from the perfect households are rewarded with hygiene promotion materials like soap and are charged with the responsibility to lead communities to adopt similar hygiene behaviors. Clustering is nominal where households that are next to each other form a cluster for the purpose of promoting positive behaviors on hand hygiene and environmental sanitation.  Umoja approach explores exemplary leadership, hand hygiene & environment sanitation countdown to foster inclusive behavioral change at household & community level. photo by Amref health Africa. Tukwatirewamu household cluster was formed on September 21, 2020, in Kibonzi B village, Bethlehem parish, Nabigasa Sub County in Kyotera district. The cluster is comprised of 31 households with 167 members whose role is to majorly promote positive hygiene behaviour among members. At its formation, only 32% and 48% of households in this cluster had hand washing facilities at the entrance of the home and latrines respectively, latrine coverage was at 65% while 35% of households used to do open defecation, 77% had bath shelters, 52% refuse pits and 68% of households had drying racks for proper handling of utensils.  Stephania Nanteza, the VHT of Kibonzi village says, “Initially we lived in fear because we had one of our community members suffer from Covid-19, we did not have information about Covid-19 and the way suspects in the community were picked was scary. Amref sensitized us on the recognizing signs and symptoms of Covid-19, preventive measures like washing hands and where to report suspected cases”. Amref supported and facilitated CHWs to form household clusters where they selected household cluster heads to lead each of the clusters. Joint household visits were conducted together with Local council committees, Sub County technical and political teams to sensitize, guide and support household clusters’ members to construct facilities in their homes.  Rose Nakwangi, the household cluster head for Tukwatirewamu household cluster confirms that, “as a cluster, we agreed that every household must have a hand washing facility at the entrance of the home and a latrine including all other sanitation facilities and this was done w...
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Youth Environmental Services covid-19 response interventions in Busia district.

Busia is a busy border town and commercial market center, Busia faces a highly fluctuating and steadily increasing cross border population. For this reason, its social problems are more challenging than in other towns of comparable size. Mobile cross border and host populations in Busia are at disproportionate risk of acquiring and spreading the virus due to overcrowding, poor access to safe water and sanitation and limited access to health services. The Government of Uganda has put in place efforts to address the epidemic in Busia border, but young people and their families need to know how to protect themselves from catching and transmittingcoronavirus. The government imposed severe movement restrictions and contact restrictions on the entire populations, such as stay at home orders,social distancing, self-isolation and quarantine which is threatening thelivelihood, if applied over long period of time, also because the baselinetransmissibility of the virus in overcrowded communities with poorhygiene is likely to be higher. YES modeled a more targeted approach by mapping the most at risk hot spots for intervention and developed a mobilization strategy e.g. places like drinking joints, tradingcenters, border community. YES provided mega phones to inform the public about the epidemic. YES also printed the World Health Organizations(WHO) health guidelines on COVID-19 prevention for distributions, YES supported photocopies of 1000 IEC materials for the district. Following the presidential address to the nation, the chairman Board of Governors and the Executive Director convened standing meeting with key based project staffs to know what is essential in the fight against COVID-19. Staffs were advised to communicate to the office in case of any suspected cases in their community, be vigilant and always get updated news on radio and television from Ministry of Health. During the District security meeting, where YES representative was present, 4 key areas that needs intervention are highlighted below; Need for a availability and access of safe water, and access because then Busia had taken 3days without water, and the community members converging in the water spring to collect unsafe water for domestic use.The need to promote the role of individuals and households in spread and prevention of COVID-19 through improved behavior change.Checking the behavior and movement of commercial sex workers, trucker drivers from Kenya and also addressing the movement of men with multiple wives in different locations.Provide support for the frontline medical staffs on duty, their drivers and what guidelines are in place for arresting suspects, confinement and crowding, including provision of handwashing facilities at the police entrance
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International Water and Sanitation Center (IRC-Uganda) interventions in response to covid-19.

IRC Uganda’s supported Kabarole district health office and to ensure that it has capacity to provide appropriate behavioral change response to Covid-19. It also aimed at further strengthening Infection Prevention and Control for frontline health workers. In line with IRC’s support to WASH in Healthcare facilities, budget support was directed towards three areas namely; Risk Management CommunicationInfection Prevention and ControlPurchase of some Personal Protective Equipment, IRC Uganda provided funds through the district health office to conduct infection, prevention and control (IPC) activities and risk management communications. In total, IRC Uganda also contributed Ugx26,290,000/ towards Kabarole district’s response to Covid-19. These interventions supported Communities, Health facilities and House holds.
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Voluntary Action for Development response towards Covid-19

The organization Procured and distributed 20 hand washing facilities (HWFs) each with 135 liters to 20 selected sites. They were able to hire a public address system that was used to verbally disseminate information related to hand washing at all times and other dangers associated with the Covid-19. The team procured the Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) namely face masks and gloves for the staff and a few contact people in the community. Facilitated three enterprise groups These activities were carried out in Central and North Eastern Uganda Wakiso Soroti, Amuria, Kapelebyong and Napak districts. The RDC of Soroti, Amuria, Kapelebyong and Napak extended their sincere gratitude to VAD & SI for their support towards helping their communities to overcome the Covid-19 pandemic Similarly the communities that received these HWFs were also thrilled and they thanked the organization. VAD appreciates all people who have played a role in executing this project including VAD staff, local leaders, community, RDCs. In a special way VAD appreciates Signpost International for the financial support.
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Community Integrated Development Initiative (CIDI) WASH Interventions in mid-central region

The organization Procured a 1000lts water tank. The water tank was installed at Lwanda Farmers cooperative society limited coffee factory located in Lwanda Sub County, Rakai District. The water tank is to harvest rain water to be used for hand washing at the coffee factory for community members who access it for coffee hulling. The water tank is expected to be accessed by 100 community members per week. The organization is also Promoting Solar sacks. The solar sack is a water container that is used to clean water free of bacteria using sun rays/solar. This has increased access to safe water for drinking among rural community members. The promotion of solar sacks is also intended to reduce on tree cutting for firewood which is needed to boil drinking water.  300 community members have accessed these solar sacks promoted in Rakai and Kyotera Districts. Promotion of ECOCA-Solar Cooking stoves. The promotion of ECOCA solar cooking stove is also intended to provide an easy alternative for cooking water for drinking among rural communities. The ECOCA Solar Stove can also be used for cooking other food for household not beyond five members. The promotion of ECOCA Solar Cooking stove is also intended to preserve the environment with limited carbon emissions, reduced tree cutting for firewood and charcoal. 100 ECOCA Solar Stoves have been procured waiting to be distributed among 100 vulnerable households within Kyotera and Rakai districts early 2021.
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Youth groups were trained and equipped with skills of making liquid soap in Agago District to increase access to hand washing with soap as a preventive measure against Covid-19 pandemic. The organization also carried out sensitization and awareness in Rwenzori region where it held Ten Radio programmes to sensitize communities on preventive measures against COVID-19. The organisation conducted Radio Talkshows together with the District Task team, Facilitated DJ mentions and Jinggles on Covid on radios, Supported the district Covid Task team(logistically) in their community outreaches, Conducted mobile Public address on covid in communities. These activities were carried out in kabarole and Bunyangabu district to support Communities, Decision makers(DLG) and other WASH CSO's, WASH service providers (Masons, Water vendors).
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Member organization Partners For Community Transformation providing food relief to people with disabilities in Namutumba Rehabilitation Centre

Partners For community Transformation supporting people with disabilities in Namutumba rehabilitation center with food relief

The organization has been carrying out Community sensitization through Community drives, radio talkshows and community radios/mega phones. Supported most at risk households with Handwashing facilities. Supported Mityana Hospital with isolation center Mattresses & disinfectants. Supported the taskforce with communication airtime. - Supported taskforce and health workers with sanitizers. Distribution of food stuff individuals/beneficiaries that have been mostly affected with the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic. Supported the task force especially DHO, RDC and the police with fuel to ease their movement especially collection of cases for testing. All these interventions were carried out in Mityana district with support from Blood water mission and the beneficiaries were Mityana Hospital, Taskforce members, Health workers, Community members and COVID19 Most at risk Households.
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Engineers without boarders-USA supplied Hand washing facilities to curb the spread of COVID-19 in Uganda

The organization distributed Hands Free Handwashing Station handbook for CSOs. Donated towards advocacy messages.Installed handwashing stations in informal settlements in Kampala Completed project designed a permanent and dignified handwashing station and donated 278 stations: 258 installed in markets, taxi parks and schools in Kampala in partnership with KCCA and 20 installed in Nakivale refugee settlement. Also conducted a soap dispenser challenge that came up with a soap dispenser for solid soap that is safe, and convenient, Soap dispensers installed with all handwashing stations. These interventions were carried out in kampala and isingiro to support vulnerable persons in informal settlements and slums Vulnerable persons in and around informal settlements and slums and in the refugee settlement. These interventions were a success due to support from EWB-USA and Bechtel Corp, USA
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